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Medical prefixes and suffixes in English and Spanish

 

English Spanish Meaning Example

-ac

-ac

pertaining to

cardiac

-al

-al

pertaining to

cerebral

-algia

-algia

pain

myalgia

adeno/o

adeno/o

gland

adenology

abdomin/o

abdomin/o

abdomen

abdomen

adip/o

adip/o

fat

adipocyte

adeno/o

adeno/o

gland

adenology

abdomin/o

abdomin/o

abdomen

abdomen

adip/o

adip/o

fat

adipocyte

a-,an-

a-,an

absence of

anemia

ana-

ana-

back, again, up

anaplasia

ante

anter/o

before/in front of

antepartum

arthr/o

artr/o

joints

arthritis

bio

bio

life

biology

carcin/o

carcin/o

cancer

carcinoma

cardi/o

cardi/o

heart

cardiology

cephal/o

cefal/o

head

cephalalgy

cerebr/o

cerebr/o

brain

cerebellum

cervic/o

cervic/o

neck, cervix

cervical

chondr/o

condr/o

cartilage

chondrocalcinosis

chrom/o

crom/o

color

chromosome

cis/o

cis/o

tu cut

excision

cyst/o

cist/o

urinary bladder

cystitis

-cyte

-cito

cell

leukocyte

cyt/o

cit/o

cell

cytology

derm/o

derm/o

skin

dermatology

dia-

dia-

through, during, across

diagnosis

dist/o

dist/o

stand away from

distal

dors/o

dors/o

back

dorsal

-eal

-eo

pertaining

coccygeal

-ectomy

-ectomía

surgical operation/removal of a body part

mastectomy

electr/o

electr/o

electricity

electrocardiography

-emia

-emia

blood condition

anemia

encephal/o

encefal/o

brain

encephalogram

endo-

endo-

inside

endocrinology

epi-

epi-

on, upon

epicardium

ex-

ex-

out of, away from

excise

exo-

exo-

outside, external

exoskeleton

enter/o

enter/o

intestine

gastroenterology

erythr/o

eritr/o

red

erythrocyte

gastr/o

gastr/o

stomach

gastritis

-genic

-genic/o/a

formative, pertaining to producing

cardiogenic

gnos/o

gnos/o

knowledge

diagnosis

-gram

-grama

record

angiogram

gynec/o

ginec/o

woman

gynecologist

hemat/o

hemat/o

blood

hematology

hem

hem

blood

hematoma

hepat/o

hepat/o

liver

hepatitis

hist/o

hist/o

tissue

histology

hyper-

hiper-

excessive, extreme

hypertension

hypo

hipo-

below normal

hypothermia

iatr/o

iatr/o

treatment

iatrochemistry

-ic,-iac, -iacal

-ico/a

pertaining to

hapatic

inguin/o inguen

inguin/o

groin

inguenalgia

-ist

-ista

one who specializes in

pathologist

-itis

-itis

inflammation

tonsillitis

kary/o

cari/o

nucleous

eukaryote

later/o

later/o

lateral

lateral

leuk/

leuc/o

white

leukocyte

log/o

log/o

knowledge

neurologist

-logy

-logia

study of

pathology

lumb/o

lumb/o

lower back

lumbar

medi/o

medi/o

middle

medial

nephr/o

nefr/o

kidney

nephrology

neur/o

neur/o

neurous system

neurofibromatosis

-oma

-opma

tumor, bulkl, volume

sarcoma

-osis

-osis

condition, disease or increase

osteoporosis

onc/o

onc/o

tumor

oncology

ophthalm/o

oftalmol/o

eye

ophthalmology

oste/o

oste/o

bone

osteoporosis

path/o

pat/o

illness

pathology

-pathy

-patía

disease, or disorder

sociopathy

ped/o

ped/o

child

pedophile

pelv/o

pel/v

hip bone

pelvis

poster/o

poster/o

behind/after

postoperation

pro-

pro-

before

prognosis

proxim/o

proxim/o

near

proximal

psych/o

psic/o

mind

psychology

radi/o

radi/o

X-rays

radiology

re-

re-

again, backwards

relapse

ren/o

ren/o

kidney

renal

retro-

retro-

backward, behind

retroverted

rhin/o

rin/o

nose

rhinoplasty

sarc/o

sarc/o

fleshlike

sarcoma

-scope

-scopio

instrument for viewing

stethoscope

-scopy

-scopía

use of instrument for viewing

endoscopy

sub-

sub-

beneath

subcutaneous

spin/o

espin/o

spine

spinal

thel/o

tel/o

nipple

theleplasty

thorac/o

torac/o

chest

thorax

thromb/o

tromb/o

blood clot

thrombus

trache/o

traque/o

trachea

tracheostomy

trans-

trans-

across, through

transfusion

-type

-tipo

classification, image

prototype

umbilic/o

umbilic/o

umbilicus

umbilical

ur/o

ur/o

urine

urology

ventr/o

ventr/o

stomach cavity

ventrodorsal

vertebr/o

vertebr/o

vertebra

vertebral

viscer/o

viscer/o

internal organs

viscera

-y

-ia

process, condition

surgery

 

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re-                                re-                          again, backwards                     relapse
 

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